Exploring the basics of Buddhism
Every religion is complicated, and a person could write thousands and thousands of pages about it and still fail to understand it fully. If we are going to talk about Buddhism, we have to cover its basics. We can speak about three basics of this religion (if we avoid talking about the beginning of the Buddhism), the four noble truths, Karma, and Rebirth.
The Four Noble Truths stand at the foundation of this religion. To fully explain them you would need actual Buddhist. Thus the best way to explain them is to bring them down to few words.
We suffer – First noble truth that acknowledges the existence of the suffering.
We suffer due to a cause – This fact recognizes the existence of the cause of the pain we go through. It might not be apparent and due to that Buddhism is there to seek the reasons for the pain. This applies to both the mental and physical plane of suffering.
Suffering ends – This is the third noble truth, and it ensures people that the suffering can end. The end may be the end of life or the achievement of the Nirvana. In both cases, the pain we suffer ceases to exist.
The path toward the end of suffering – This is the ultimate truth that stands as the backbone of Buddhism. It acknowledges the existence of the road that leads toward enlightenment and the end of suffering. The journey requires many things, facing the pain and finding its cause, are two of them.
The law of Karma is deeply interwoven into the Buddhism. Buddhist religion states that every action we do carries either good or bad karma. A good action according to Buddhism may be the lack of negative action where a person abstains from performing an evil action. The positive actions may involve meditation, generosity and anything else that serves to help others without any need for repayment. These good actions bring happiness to a person in the long run.
The law of Karma
A wrong action like killing, lying and stealing generate bad karma. An individual who does these things will experience unhappiness in the future. Due to different types of harmful actions the Buddhism weights those actions with five conditions:
– Frequency of the action (how many times the person repeats it)
– Whether the action is intentional
– Is there any regret in the person
– Is the action performed against better people
– And finally, is the adverse action performed against the individual who helped the person in past.
The law of Karma has a significant influence in the last principle of the Buddhism, which is The Cycle of rebirth. Good people reborn in fortunate realms, the realms of demigods, gods and men. Out of these three, the best humans end up as men once again, as they can aim toward Nirvana during their life. Bad people (people with negative karma) reborn in unfortunate realms, the realms of animals, ghosts, and hell.